At the beginning of class and end of class, there are a few Japanese phrases one must learn.

Ohayo Gozaimas – Good Morning
Konnichiwa – Good day (Usually spoken after 11am)
Konbanwa – Good evening (Usually spoken after  5pm)
Oyasumi nasai – Good night.

All these phrases must be learnt and used whilst in the Dojo.

Kihon (Basics)

TSUKI (PUNCH)

Tsukkomi – Reverse Punch
Kizami Zuki – Front Punch (Jab)
Oizuki – Step through punch
Gyaku Zuki – Reverse punch

TARGET

Jodan – Face
Chudan – Upper Body (sternum)
Gendan – Lower Body (groin)

GERI (Kick)

Mae Geri – Front Kick
Yoko Geri – Side Kick
Mawashi Geri – Roundhouse kick

DIRECTION

Hidari – Left
Migi – Right
Mae – Front
Ushiro – Back

COMMANDS

Yoi – Prepare
Kamae – Take fighting Stance
Otagaini – Face each other
Rei -Bow
Sensei ni rei – Bow to Sensei
Mawatte – Turn
Naotte – Return to Yoi (end of kata)
Hajime – Start fighting
Yame – Stop fighting
Shomen wo mukimasu – Facing to the Shomen
Shomen ni rei – Bow to Shomen

Basic Blocks (Tai Sabaki - body evasion) - IPPON KUMITE (One step sparring)

Attack – Chudan Tsukkommi – Attack – Chudan Oizuki

1. Forearm, weight back – 1. Body
2. Outside – 2. Face
3. Inside – 3. Step through outside
4. Change Stance – inside – 4. Change Stance
5. Forearm – 5. Angle / Step Back
6. Backhand, weight back – 6. Forearm block
7. Heavy – Both hands – 7. Heavy Straight
8. Change Stance – outside – 8. Face
9. Angle and Counter

ATTACK - OIZUKI

10. Body Counter – Yoko Geri (front leg)
11. Change step and counter inside Heavy step through
1. Outside (change stance)
2. Inside

ATTACK - MAE GERI

3. Back
1. Outside, Jodan tsukomi
4. Change Stance
2. Outside guard face, chudan or jodan mawashi geri
5. Counter (from opposite stance)
3. Angle out, heavy block with front forearm, tsukkomi to kidney
6. “Christmas Bells”
4. Angle out, block with back hand, guard punch, reach behind head and pull into knee.